On Security and Terror
Security as a leading prinicple of state politics dates back to the birth
of the modern state. Hobbes already mentions it as the opposite of fear,
which compels human beings to come together within a society. Michel Foucault
has shown how the political and economic practices of the Physiocrats
opposes security to discipline and the law as instruments of governance.
Physiocratic officials were not primarily concerned with the prevention
of hunger, but wanted to allow for the development of hunger to then regulate
and “secure“ the consequences. While disciplinary power isolates and closes
off territories, measures of security lead to an opening and to globalization;
while the law wants to prevent and regulate, security intervenes in ongoing
processes to direct them. ln short, discipline wants to produce order,
security wants to regulate disorder. Since measures of security can only
function within a context of freedom of traffic, trade, and individual
initiative, Foucault can show that the development of security accompanies
the ideas of liberalism.
face extreme and most dangerous developments in the thought of security.
In the course of a gradual neutralization of politics and the progressive
surrender of traditional tasks of the state, security becomes the basic
principle of state activity. What used to be one among several definitive
measures of public administration until the first half of the twentieth
century, now becomes the sole criterium of political legitimation. The
thought of security bears within an essential risk. A state which has
security as its sole task and source of legitimacy is a fragile organism;
lt can always be provoked by terrorism to become itself terroristic.
In the end security and terrorism may form a single deadly system, in
which they justify and legitimate each others‘ actions. The risk is not
merely the development of a clandestine complicity of opponents, but that
the search for security leads to a world civil war which makes
But there is another danger. Because they require constant reference to
a state of exception, measures of security work towards a growing depoliticization
of society. In the long run they are irreconcilable with democracy.
do we show the vulnerability of NGOs and media artists?
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Art, Media and Legal Issues:
Artistic network practice on the bad guys space
CODES BAD GUYS SPACE
Fraud and Related Activity in Connection with Computers
For the Public Domain
Giorgio Agamben On Security and Terror
The Patriot Act